13 Sep Knowledge Center About Different Cancers

 

Knowledge Center About Different Cancers

Colon Cancer

Increased Risk: Men and women at increased risk if:
• Personal history of colon polyps (adenomas)
• Personal history of colorectal cancer
• Family history of colorectal cancer
• Inflammatory bowel disease (chronic ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease)

Screen with: Start at 50 or earlier if high risk, using either Colonoscopy every 10 years, or Virtual Colonoscopy every 5 years, or Sigmoidoscopy every 5 years or Stool testing for blood once a year.

Prevent with: High fiber diet and a baby Aspirin a day have some protective role.

Breast Cancer

Increased Risk: Women at increased risk if:
• Early menarche and late menopause.
• Use of post-menopausal hormonal therapy.
• Obesity
• Having no children

Screen with: Starting at 50 or earlier if high risk, using mammogram on a yearly basis.

Prevent with: Breastfeeding, healthy diet, exercise and avoiding hormone pills all can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.

Prostate Cancer

Increased Risk: Men at increased risk if:
• If you are NOT African American and have no family history of prostate cancer, then start screening at age 50.
• If you ARE African American or have a family history (especially father, brother, son) of prostate cancer, then start screening at age 45.

Screen with: PSA blood test every year, unless life expectancy is less than 10 years.

Prevent with: No definitive data exist.

Lung Cancer

Increased Risk: Men and women at increased risk if:
• You are 55-74 years of age
• You are current smokers, or former smokers who have quit within the past 15 years
• You have a smoking history of 30 packs/year or greater

Screen with: Low dose CT scan of the chest is now the recommended test for screening high-risk indviduals.

Prevent with: Stop smoking, including exposure to second hand smoke.

Cervical Cancer

Increased Risk: Women at increased risk if:
• History of cervical cancer or severe cervical dysplasia (pre-cancer)
• Persistent Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection after age 30 (HPV testing not recommended in women younger than age 30)
• Been infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
• Diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure before birth

Screen with: Pap smear starting at the age of 21.

Prevent with: Papsmear, HPV vaccine and safe sex practices.

*Disclaimer – The information provided here is to help improve your general knowledge only. Some of the recommendations here may not apply to your unique situation. Please ask your physician for detailed information on your condition.